Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Trends of IOT in 2017

written by :   Ahmed Bamnafa

IoT is one of the transformation trends that will shape the future of businesses in 2017 and beyond. Many firms see big opportunity in IoT uses and enterprises start to believe that IoT holds the promise to enhance customer relationships and drive business growth by improving quality, productivity, and reliability on one side, and on the other side reducing costs, risk, and theft. By having the right IoT model companies will be rewarded with new customers, better insights, and improved customer satisfaction to mention few benefits.

Source: Bain IoT Customer Survey 2016, n=533 / BI INTELLIGENCE

With all this in mind, let’s explore some of the trends of IoT impacting business and technology in 2017:

1) IoT and Blockchain Will Converge

Blockchain is more than a concept now and has applications in many verticals besides FinTech including IoT. Blockchain technology is considered by many experts as the missing link to settle scalability, privacy, and reliability concerns in the Internet of Things. Blockchain technology can be used in tracking billions of connected devices, enable the processing of transactions and coordination between devices; allow for significant savings to IoT industry manufacturers. This decentralized approach would eliminate single points of failure, creating a more resilient ecosystem for devices to run on. The cryptographic algorithms used by Blockchain would make consumer data more private. In 2017 IoT will converge with Blockchain for better security and privacy opening the door for a new category in applications, hardware, and talents.

2) IoT Devices and More DDoS Attacks

Forrester thinks that the recent DDoS attack that hit a whopping 1600 websites in the United States was just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the threat that the connected device poses to the world. That attack confirmed the fear of vulnerability of IoT devices with a massive distributed denial of service attack that crippled the servers of services like Twitter, NetFlix , NYTimes, and PayPal across the U.S. on October 21st , 2016. It’s the result of an immense assault that involved millions of Internet addresses and malicious software, according to #Dyn, the prime victim of that attack. “One source of the traffic for the attacks was devices infected by the Mirai botnet”. All indications suggest that countless Internet of Things (IoT) devices that power everyday technology like closed-circuit cameras and smart-home devices were hijacked by the malware, and used against the servers.

Six principles of IoT Security across the stack / Source: IoT Analytics

3) IoT and Many Mobile Moments 

IoT is creating new opportunities and providing a competitive advantage for businesses in current and new markets. It touches everything—not just the data, but how, when, where and why you collect it. The technologies that have created the Internet of Things aren’t changing the internet only, but rather change the things connected to the internet. More mobile moments (the moments in which a person pulls out a mobile device to get what he or she wants, immediately and in context) will appear on the connected device, right from home appliances to cars to smartwatches and virtual assistants. All these connected devices will have the potential of offering a rich stream of data that will then be used by product and service owners to interact with their consumers.

4) IoT, Artificial Intelligence, and Containers

In an IoT situation, AI can help companies take the billions of data points they have and boil them down to what’s really meaningful. The general premise is the same as in the retail applications – review and analyzes the data you’ve collected to find patterns or similarities that can be learned from so that better decisions can be made.
The year 2017 would see Internet of Things software being distributed across cloud services, edge devices, and gateways. The year would also witness IoT solutions being built on modern Microservices (an approach to application development in which a large application is built as a suite of modular services. Each module supports a specific business goal and uses a simple, well-defined interface to communicate with other modules) and containers (lightweight virtualization) that would work across this distributed architecture. Further, machine-learning cloud services and Artificial Intelligence will be put to use to mine the data that would be coming in from IoT devices.

5) IoT and Connectivity

Connecting the different parts of IoT to the sensors can be done by different technologies including Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Low Power Wi-Fi , Wi-Max, regular Ethernet , Long Term Evolution (LTE) and the recent promising technology of Li-Fi (using light as a medium of communication between the different parts of a typical network including sensors). In 2017, new forms of wireless connections, such as 3GPP’s narrowband (NB)-IoT, LoRaWAN, or Sigfox will be tested. Forcing IoT decision-makers to evaluate more than 20 wireless connectivity options and protocols, which is one step in the right direction of having standards for connectivity.

6) IoT and Talent-Shortage

Organizations launching IoT projects including smart cities and industrial facilities face a tougher time in recruiting talent. Complicating matters is that it remains a challenge to find enough workers to secure the Internet of Things. 45 percent of IoT companies struggle to find security professionals, according to a TEKsystems survey. 30 percent report having difficulty finding digital marketers. In 2017, industrial major vendors will invest in IoT training and certifications and make it part of the mainstream training programs in the tech industry.

7) IoT and New Business Models

The bottom line is a big motivation for starting, investing in, and operating any business, without a sound and solid business models for IoT we will have another bubble , this model must satisfy all the requirements for all kinds of e-commerce; vertical markets, horizontal markets, and consumer markets. A new business model including sharing cost of devices with consumers, reducing the cost of ownership and making UX less hassle and more joyful. 2017 will see new categories being added to smart markets. One key element is to bundle service with the product, for example, devices like Amazon’s Alexa will be considered just another wireless speaker without the services provided like voice recognition, music streaming, and booking Uber service to mention few.

The Road Ahead

The Internet of Things (IoT) is an ecosystem of ever-increasing complexity; it is the next level of automation of every object in our life and convergence of new technologies will make IoT implementation much easier and faster, which in turn will improve many aspects of our life at home and at work and in between. From refrigerators to parking spaces to smart houses, IoT is bringing more and more things into the digital fold every day, which will likely make IoT a multi-trillion dollar industry in the near future. One possible outcome in the near future is the introduction of “IoT as a Service” technology. If that service offered and used the same way we use other flavors of “as a service” technologies today the possibilities of applications in real life will be unlimited. But we have a long way to achieving that dream; we need to overcome many obstacles and barriers at many fronts before we can see the benefits of such technology.


Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Invention Story of SMART PHONES..!

It seems as though just about everyone owns a smart phone, even though it wasn't that long ago that the technology was first introduced to the general public. With their advanced computing capabilities and other features, smart phones have quickly gained popularity. Prior to the invention of smart phones, there were several devices that were used including regular mobile phones, and PDA devices. Eventually technology was combined and the concept of the smart phone was born.
The first concepts that eventually led to the invention of the smart phone date back to the 1970s. It was not however until 1992 that IBM came up with a prototype mobile phone that incorporated PDA features. The device was demonstrated the same year at a computer industry trade show called COMDEX. In 1994, Bell South came up with a more refined version of the phone and called it the Simon Personal Communicator. This is the first device that could really be referred to as a smart phone. The Simon Personal Communicator was able to make and receive calls, send faxes and emails, and more.
In the later part of the 1990s, many mobile phone users began carrying PDAs (personal digital assistants). Early PDAs ran on various systems such as Blackberry OS, and Palm OS. Nokia released a phone combined with a PDA in 1996. The device was called the Nokia 9000. In 1999, a smart phone was released by Qualcomm. The pdQ smart phone, as it was called, featured a Palm PDA with Internet connectivity capabilities. Smart phone technology continued to advance throughout the early 2000s. These advances in technology brought about the introduction of the iPhone, the Android operating system and more.

Brief History of Smart phones
January - Steve Jobs of Apple introduces the iPhone which he refers to as a "revolutionary and magical product."
April - Gartner, a technology research company, shares that Microsoft's Windows Mobile, in the first three months of the year, has an eighteen percent share of the smart phone market.
November - Google announces that they will offer the Android operating system for free and anyone will be able to use or change it.
October - Apple announces sales of iPhones for their summer quarter, stating that they have sold 4.7 million devices, giving Apple almost thirteen percent of the smart phone market.
November - The G1, the first Android phone is launched. It features a sliding keyboard and limited touchscreen capabilities.
December - Microsoft stops Windows Mobile after realizing they cannot compete with the Android and iPhone. They then develop the Windows Phone.
January - Apple launches their first edition of the iPad which is a ten inch tablet.
February - Android phones begin to appear that feature the same full touchscreen interaction as the iPhone.
April - It is announced that Google's Android has gained slightly less than ten percent of the smart phone market in the first three months of the year.
September - Another tablet, the Samsung Galaxy is introduced. It is slightly smaller than the iPad, at seven inches.
October - Microsoft introduces their first phones running on the Windows Phone operating system. Sales are initially very low.
January - It is announced that research has shown that smartphones actually outsold personal computers in the last three months of 2010.
April - Apple takes the lead, becoming the largest smartphone vendor, and Android becomes the highest selling smartphone platform.
June - Nokia and Apple settle a multiple year dispute by signing a patent licensing agreement, and Microsoft starts demanding payments from Android phone makers, with the claim of patent infringements.
July - Android takes over forty three percent of the smartphone market in the year's second quarter.
October -According to estimates, Samsung is the largest smartphone vendor at this time.
November - Android takes over fifty percent of the smartphone market in the year's third quarter.
From 2011 to current times, smartphone technology has become even more advanced and technology continues to improve at a rapid pace. Smartphones have more features than ever before including touchscreen capabilities, GPS, cameras, and much more.

Sunday, December 11, 2016

Philips Dash-cams: ADR610 & ADR810

Posted by: Satish Kumar

I was interested in finding out how these Philips cameras performed, so I've managed to get hold of both of the UK models, the ADR610 and ADR810 and you can see how they fared in the video below.

Sample Clips
The samples are hosted on pcloud - and are available here:
Downloadable sample clips are provided for.......downloading. By that I mean if you were silly enough to try and stream them from pcloud, they wouldn't look any different to the streamed youtube video. The only way to see the original quality of the video files is to DOWNLOAD the clips to your computer and play them locally.  
Purchasing Links


Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Why are earphones and headphones labelled "Left" and "Right"?

Posted by:Satish Kumar

Unless the source is monaural, there WILL be a difference between the two, that's the basis of stereo, where even though both ears are "hearing" the same music being played, there will be a difference of which instruments are located further to the left or right or front or rear within that audio image. Especially on classical recordings, there's a standard layout of where instruments are located on the concert stage, so the L&R helps keep this straight.

Also, if you're listening to a movie or TV show, the actors and sound effects move from one side to the other as things move across the screen. It'd be confusing to have the car chase going left to right onscreen but the reverse in your ears!


Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Arduino Vs Raspberry Pi: How to select witch is best for your Project?

Posted by: Satish Kumar

Arduino or Raspberry Pi : This is a common dilemma among electronics community of engineers whether they are DIY hobbyists or professionals working on a prototype. There may be a case that one might have worked on some microcontrollers and now willing to propel the academic excellence by working on development boards or do one needs to choose a development board for a do-it-yourself engineering project. Let's have a fundamental understanding of both the boards to make clear which to select.

First thing is that both Arduino and Raspberry Pi offer a range of development boards with different specifications and features. There are a range of products offered at Arduino platform available under many categories. The Raspberry Pi platform also offers an array of products. You might need to use one of these products from Arduino or Raspberry Pi platform or there could be a possibility that you may need a combo because Arduino and Raspberry Pi are basically different but Complementary.

What is Arduino?

Arduino is an open-source electronics platform consisting of programmable circuit boards and an integrated development environment (IDE) where programs for running embedded systems applications can be written in C or C++. It is basically a series of microcontroller based development boards popular for simple and straight forward implementation of hardware projects. The heart of Arduino boards is 8-bit AVR microcontrollers. Arduino boards can be making use of controlling a wide range of sensors and actuators by loading add-on boards called Shields. There are shields available for controlling motors, interfacing the LCDs, and connecting to internet, cellular networks and wireless interfaces. The Arduino came into existence in 2005. It was developed by Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles and David Mellis with an aim of reincarnating the Wiring Project by adding support for less costly ATmega8 microcontroller to the already successful Wiring platform. The motto was developing an open-source low-cost embedded electronics tool for non-engineers to build digital projects.

What is Raspberry Pi?

Raspberry Pi is a microprocessor based development board. In contrast to Arduino, the central unit of Raspberry Pi is a 32-bit 900 MHz Broadcom ARM Cortex-A7 or 32-bit 700 MHz Broadcom ARM Cortex-V6 microprocessor. Raspberry Pi is a System-on-Chip. It is a credit card sized Single Board Computer (SBC) developed for teaching basic computer science in schools and colleges. It is like a mini computer just like a desktop computer or notebook computer but with less processing power compared to the motherboards. The Raspberry Pi Foundation based in United Kingdom is the founder and promoter of the platform.

How to begin with Arduino or Raspberry Pi?

If anyone is interested in development boards for academic learning, both Arduino and Raspberry Pi are dimensionally different and offer different things to learn. The Arduino being a microcontroller board is quite useful for sensor based real-time applications where the program logics are not complicated but hardware interfacing is prime factor of the entire endeavour. Arduino runs on "Bare Metal" that is without any operating system just on the firmware. You only need an Arduino board, a bunch of sensors and actuators, Arduino IDE and you can tinker around with Arduino. It can be easily coded with Arduino language (a simplified version of C++) where the basic knowledge of C and HTML is the only pre-requisite. Raspberry Pi being a microcomputer is more useful for multi-media and internet-based applications where more software intelligence is needed and hardware interfacing is just a basic part of the project. Working on Raspberry Pi requires the knowledge of Linux and the python or Ruby scripting language. The Pi runs on Linux distributions. Raspbian is the Linux derivative that is officially supported by the Raspberry Pi platform. So all you need to get your hands dirty with Raspberry Pi is Raspberry Pi board with an LCD screen to get the visual hint of code execution, Scratch IDLE or other Linux supported IDE, knowledge of C, C++, Java and scripting languages like Ruby or Python and some crazy software ideas to implement.
Hence both platforms require different skill sets and offer different things for learning. For academic purpose, the selection between Arduino and Raspberry Pi can be derived from the following table :

You can choose any of the two according to your interest and preference or even why not learn both. A lot of applications require equal focus on hardware interfacing and software intelligence. These applications may require using Arduino in combination with Raspberry Pi, Android phone or other microcomputer. Learning both platforms will strong a foundation on both software and hardware aspect of the embedded electronics and allow you to make more innovative applications.

Monday, December 5, 2016

How did technology started in the world?

Posted by: Satish Kumar

The human species' use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press , the telephone, and the Internet , have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. The steady progress of military technology has brought weapons of ever-increasing destructive power, from clubs to nuclear weapons .

Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy and has allowed the rise of a leisure class . Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products, known as pollution, and deplete natural resources, to the detriment of Earth's environment. Various implementations of technology influence the values of a society and new technology often raises new ethical questions.